1. A salt or ester of carbonic acid; a compound containing the radical CO3–2, such as calcium carbonate, CaCO3.
   2. A rock consisting mainly of carbonate minerals, such as limestone or dolomite [10].

A Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology with Special Reference to Environmental Karst Hydrology. . 2002.

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  • carbonate — [ karbɔnat ] n. m. • 1787; de carbone ♦ Sel ou ester de l acide carbonique. ⇒ bicarbonate. Carbonate hydraté. ⇒ hydrocarbonate. Carbonate naturel de calcium (⇒ aragonite, calcaire, calcite, chaux) , de cuivre (⇒ azurite, malachite) , de fer (⇒… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • carbonate — (n.) 1794, from Fr. carbonate salt of carbonic acid (Lavoisier), from Mod.L. carbonatem a carbonated (substance), from L. carbo (see CARBON (Cf. carbon)). Carbonic acid (1791) was the old name for carbon dioxide; hence, carbonate (v.), 1805;… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Carbonate — Car bon*ate, n. [Cf. F. carbonate.] (Chem.) A salt or carbonic acid, as in limestone, some forms of lead ore, etc. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • carbonate — [kär′bə nit; ] also, and for v.always [, kär′bənāt΄] n. [Fr: see CARBON & ATE2] 1. a salt of carbonic acid containing the divalent, negative radical CO3 2. an uncharged ester of this acid vt. carbonated, carbonating …   English World dictionary

  • Carbonate — Carbonate,   Singular Carbonat das, (e)s, Salze und Ester der Kohlensäure …   Universal-Lexikon

  • carbonaté — carbonaté, ée (kar bo na té, tée) part. passé. Terme de chimie. Combiné avec l acide carbonique. Le marbre est de la chaux carbonatée …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • carbonate — vb *aerate, ventilate, oxygenate Antonyms: decarbonate …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • carbonate — ► NOUN ▪ a salt of the anion CO32 , typically formed by reaction of carbon dioxide with bases. ► VERB (usu. as adj. carbonated) ▪ dissolve carbon dioxide in. DERIVATIVES carbonation noun …   English terms dictionary

  • Carbonate — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Carbonate (homonymie). Structure d un ion carbonate Le carbonate est, en chimie, un ion formé d un atome de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carbonate — In chemistry, a carbonate is a salt or ester of carbonic acid.ApplicationsTo test for the presence of the carbonate anion in a salt, the addition of dilute mineral acid (e.g. hydrochloric acid) will yield carbon dioxide gas.Carbonate containing… …   Wikipedia

  • Carbonate — Struktur des Carbonat Ions (oben blau markiert) mit 3 gleichwertigen Sauerstoff Atomen. Unten: Struktur der Kohlensäure Ester. Die Carbonat Gruppe ist blau markiert. R1 und R2 sind Alkyl oder Aryl Reste. Bei einem Halbester ist R2=H. Carbonate …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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